Congresso Nacional em construção, Brasília, DF,

 
 
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Brasilia was built in only 41 months, from 1956 to 1960, as part of Juscelino Kubitschek's campaign, "50 years of prosperity in 5".  It was a city built to be free of colonial influence, but was never able to fully escape. Lucio Costa served as the head urban designer with Oscar Niemeyer as his head architect. Together, the two built a truly modern city composed of two axes, with government buildings along the north/south axis and the residential neighborhoods spanning east to west. At the time of construction, the neighborhoods built 'superblocks' that were championed as equalizers and played a large role in why Costa's plan was selected from the over 5,000 submitted. The housing blocks were intended to make a more egalitarian city where the upper and middle classes lived side by side. Costa also designated lower income housing in an attempt to prevent favelas from developing on the outskirts of the city. However, these superblocks led the city's commerce to be segregated to certain neighborhoods. Due to the city's purposeful design, it was difficult to change its geography to improve the issue.